News, views, and research on the human dimensions of coastal and marine environments. We look deeply into the sustainability of the blue planet - from the coasts to the deep sea and the connections between the oceans and society.
Tuesday, December 13, 2011
Geoengineering in the Arctic
A recent commentary in New Scientist 'Call for Arctic geoengineering as soon as possible' discusses the perspective that a climate "tipping
point" has been reached in the Arctic and that geoengineering is urgently required to turn around the deterioration of Arctic sea ice. The suggestion is for using stratospheric aerosols to cool the surface and subsurface below,
or increasing the reflectance of low-level clouds by pumping a fine
spray of salt water into them, and therefore cooling the ocean-atmosphere system.
In highlighting the geoengineering solution, there is an assumption that there is a crisis in Arctic summer sea ice, driven by human influenced climate change. Looking a the past records of summer sea from from the National Snow and Ice Data Centre ice extent for September 2011 was the second lowest in the satellite
record. The last five years (2007 to 2011) have had the
five lowest September extents in the satellite record with the rate
of decline now -84,700 square kilometers (-32,700 square miles) per
year, or -12% per decade relative to the 1979 to 2000 average.
Clearly something is going on in the system and the evidence points to human induced climate change from GHG emissions as the key player. Natural variability is still an issue, and this is underpinned by considerable uncertainty about how the system will react in the future to a warming planet and where the tipping points for irreversible change lie. The only clear message is that it is unclear and that human pressures and natural variability have combined to create a state change in the Arctic.
In term of geoengineering, I'm pessimistic about it's application in the region, and more importantly its potential effects. However, despite the uncertainty about the impacts of geoengineering on the marine environment and the hair raising implications of it as a final 'last gasp' solution to climate change, we must still continue to investigate its applications, its impacts and its opportunities. But geoengingeering (at least to me) and as pointed out in a recent Guardian article feels like failure of political process to get agreement of binding international cuts and a failure to turn society around towards a low carbon economy. It is the last straw and one that will hopefully not be required in lieu of poor progress on international action to reduce emissions.
Sustainable Seas is coordinated by Tavis Potts from the University of Aberdeen and Ruth Brennan from the Centre for Environmental Humanities, Trinity College Dublin. The views presented are exclusive responsibility of the authors and do not represent those of the University of Aberdeen or Trinity College Dublin. If there is an issue you think should be highlighted on the blog, please get in touch via email.